Flap surgery

Should non-surgical treatement fail to eliminate the symptoms of the disease, it may be necessary to perform periodontal surgery in order to prevent progressive bone loss and regenerate lost bone wherever possible. In the treatment of progressive periodontitis many surgical approaches are used, including the raising and processing of bone flap pockets, as well as guided tissue regeneration and bone adding. The goal of periodontal surgery is to allow access to the complete removal of tartar and surgical correction of bone irregularities due to the development of the disease, and to decrease pockets to maximal extent.

Long-term studies have shown that, in moderate to advanced cases of periodontitis that are surgically treated, patients have had fewer problems over time, and with a regular regime of postoperative therapy it can be successfull in preventing dangling teeth, in nearly 85% of patients.